1946, View showing the Gaumont Cinema on Cookridge Street. When it first opened on Wednesday 15th July 1885 the Coliseum was run as a concert hall and variety theatre. It was built to designs by architect W. Bakewell and originally seated an audience of 3,000 although the seating was later reduced to 1,700. The Gaumont opened as the Coliseum cinema advertising 'new century animated pictures' in 1905 when the proprietor was Sydney Carter. He later moved his successful enterprise to the Assembly Rooms on New Briggate (1907). The management in the early 1930s became Gaumont Ltd and the name of the cinema changed to The Gaumont-Coliseum on Monday 24th October 1938 and re-opened with showings of Walt Disney's 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs', released in 1937, and 'Rhythm on the Ranch' with Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette. It closed on Saturday 23rd December 1961 with 'Pied Piper of Hamblin' starring Van Johnson. Subsequently, the Gaumont became a Bingo Hall until 1969. It was the Town & Country Club between 1992 and 2000 then the Creation nightclub until February 2007. Since 2008 it has been concert venue the O2 Academy.